Is Alcohol Addictive?

Plenty of people like to kick back at the end of a hard day’s work with a drink in hand. Depending on how much you drink, your family history, and other factors, that one drink could turn into a lot, a lot more. That’s how it starts for first responders. That’s how it begins for those addicted to alcohol. Before they realize it, they’re addicted, need more, need it more often, and are generally under the influence more than they’re sober.

One of the most common questions when things get this bad is whether alcohol is addictive or not. Let’s look at the concept of alcohol addiction and answer that question.

What is Alcohol Addiction?

Alcoholism, or alcohol addiction, is a disease that can impact anybody, anywhere. While research studies and anecdotal evidence suggest sex, race, or genetics can play a part in alcohol addiction, there is no single cause that makes alcoholism more addictive to one person compared to another. Behavioral, environmental, and socioeconomic status can play just as big of a part in getting addicted to alcohol as your DNA.

Alcoholism is a disease. It changes the neurochemistry and brain patterns of an addict. As it progresses, alcoholics find it difficult to stop or control their actions regarding alcohol. Alcoholism is a disease.

Some symptoms of alcohol addiction include:

  • Increased frequency of use and quantity of use
  • Higher tolerance for alcohol
  • Lack of hangover symptoms
  • Hiding drinking or alcohol from others
  • Depression, insomnia, lethargy, and other symptoms
  • Changes in relationships with family and friends
  • Drinking at inappropriate times or places, such as at work

Alcohol addiction can cost a host of complications, such as:

  • Loss of family, friends, and jobs
  • Health issues (such as diabetes, congenital disabilities, bone loss, increased risk of cancer, and more)
  • Increased risk of depression and suicidal ideation

Why is Alcohol Addictive

Alcohol is addictive because it changes brain chemistry. Drinking alcohol releases endorphins, often relaxes the body and allows drinkers to “let go” the more they drink. For first responders struggling with the aftermath of a hard day, being able to turn off the control they need to do their job even temporarily helps them cope.

Over time, the more they drink, the more they “need” to drink to get to the same place where they can let go. Since drinking is increasing endorphins in the body – making people feel happier than they are – they chase that feeling with increased alcohol consumption until they truly feel they need a drink. Their body is telling them they need it. The cycle of alcoholism has taken hold at this point, and seeking treatment may be the only way to regain control.

The latest statistics collected by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) show that in 2019, “85.6 percent of people ages 18 or older reported that they drank alcohol at some point in their lifetime; 69.5 percent reported that they drank in the past year; 54.9 percent reported that they drank in the past month.”

Drinking is everywhere. These numbers aren’t surprising. Combine the ease at which you can buy alcohol, have a drink with dinner, or socialize around it, and you can see why it’s easy for a first responder to unwind after a long day this way.

How First Responders Can Get Help for Alcohol Addiction

First Responders First understands the ins and out of alcohol addiction among first responders. They realize that first responders need specialized treatment to overcome the stigma of asking for help. Understanding that alcohol is an addiction, and there are steps you can take to overcome it, is one of the major realizations that allows people to begin the walk on the road to recovery. Let us help you on that walk. Contact us today.